The Cat Source

Cat Health And Information

Nowadays, over hundreds or even millions of people are eager to tame animals. Cats, for instance, have been commonly domesticated by many due to its possessed charm and charisma. Aside from that, numerous feline owners tend to choose cats because cats are usually playful, active and fun. However, your feline friends cannot always be vigorous. Just like humans, cats can also experience detrimental health issues which may cause them not to be energetic and dynamic anymore. This is the primary reason why a cat’s health is one of the most important matters that cat owners should focus on.

Cats are no exception in experiencing health problems. However, they can be prevented  if given much attention by their owners. Proper cat nutrition and proper cat health care can be of good help in keeping your kittens strong and healthy. That is why it is very important for cat owners to understand matters regarding their cat’s health.

Cat Health Conditions

Cats are also prone to diseases. Here are some top cat diseases:

Allergies

Cat allergies are one of the most prevalent conditions that more sensitive felines may experience. It can be of three types namely:

  • Inhalant Allergies

This kind of condition is usually caused by chemicals, dust or pollens.

  • Skin parasite allergies

This is caused by ticks, mites, fleas and the like.

  • Food Allergies

This occurs due to cats’ negative reaction to food allergens which are commonly present in commercialized foods like:

  • Seafood
  • Corn
  • Turkey

Symptoms of Cat Allergies

Inhalant Allergies symptoms

  • Itching
  • Sneezing
  • Wheezing
  • Other respiratory symptoms

Skin Parasite Allergies symptoms

  • Excessive itchiness
  • Extreme scratching and biting
  • Sores on the skin
  • Hair loss

Cat Food Allergy symptoms

  • Excessive itching
  • Diarrhea
  • Hair loss
  • Ear infections

Preventing/Treating Cat allergies

Inhalant allergy:

  • Reduce cats’ exposure to allergens
  • Have a regular cleaning session in your house and environment
  • Replace air filters regularly

Skin Parasite Allergy:

  • Purchase shampoo for cat allergies
  • Bath your cat regularly
  • Clean your environment to get rid of fleas

Food allergy:

  • Try to eliminate allergen ingredients
  • Feed your cat with hypoallergenic food
  • Feed your felines with cat foods with uncommon sources of protein

Bad Breath in Cats

Halitosis, or commonly known as “bad breath”, is an unpleasant odor which is coming from your cats’ mouth.

What causes bad breath in cats?

Generally, this condition has oral or dental causes and can sometimes be caused by some other disease processes which may include the following:

  • Oral ulceration
  • Lung diseases like lung cancer
  • Gingivitis or gum inflammation
  • Oral neoplasia or tumors in the mouth
  • Bone or hair stuck in the mouth
  • Tooth decay
  • Severe kidney disease

Treatments for cats with bad breath

  • Brush your cats’ teeth daily.
  • Remove present foreign objects in your cats’ mouth
  • Treat any oral tumors and diseases
  • Periodontal therapy

Cat Cancer

Cats are capable of experiencing slow growing or very rapid growing cancer which may affect virtually any of its organ or body system. They may generally fall into four cancer categories:

  • Lymphoma strikes in felines’ digestive system.
  • Mammary cancer rarely appears in cats but when it does strike it is really hard to cure.
  • Abdominal tumors
  • Skin tumors

Feline Cancer symptoms

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Breathing problems
  • Bad odor
  • Loss of appetite
  • Having trouble urinating
  • Rough coat
  • Unexplained bleeding
  • Change in bowel or bladder habits
  • Persistent lameness

In reality, not all cancers are treatable. Some can be treated depending on what stage the cancer is. Alternative treatments include chemotherapy for cats, surgery and radiation.

Feline Leukemia

Feline leukemia is a fatal cat disease caused by feline leukemia virus (FeLV) that affects cats’ immune system. This retrovirus can be transmitted when there is transfer or sharing of saliva. It is a form of blood cancer known as lymphocytes.

Signs and symptoms of feline leukemia

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Stomatitis
  • Poor coat condition
  • Gingivitis
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Oral disease
  • Jaundice
  • Skin scratches

How long can a cat live feline leukemia?

There is no exact set period for how long a cat with feline leukemia can live. However, according to studies, cats that tend to have this disease do not live for more than 4 years.

Feline Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, or also known as “sugar”, is a common disease in which a cat’s body doesn’t properly produce or use insulin. Cats may experience symptoms similar to humans. This condition is definitely treatable and doesn’t necessarily shorten your cat’s life span. However, if left untreated, it will lead to increasingly weak legs in cats and finally malnutrition, dehydration and death.

Diabetes in cats’ symptoms

  • Sudden weight loss
  • Excessive drinking and urinating
  • Dehydration
  • Loss of appetite
  • Legs become weak
  • Cat diabetes treatments
  • Proper diet
  • Insulin injections
  • Oral medications/pills
  • Feline Respiratory Disease

Cats are also susceptible in acquiring respiratory ailments such as asthma, bronchitis, viral rhinotracheitis and the common URIs or Upper Respiratory Infections. Cats having this condition may experience symptoms like:

  • Sneezing
  • Sniffling
  • Fever
  • Discharging from the eyes
  • Coughing
  • Cat breathing through mouth
  • Heavy breathing

Cat with Hairball

Hairballs can cause intestinal blockages which can be a serious health problem for your cats.

Hairballs in cats’ symptoms

  • Lack of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Ongoing vomiting, gagging, retching, or hacking without producing hairball

How to prevent hairballs in cats?

Frequent combing is a best way in preventing hairballs in cats. But, do not attempt to use brush combs since it only tends to slide over the surface of the fur and unable to get all the dead hair out.

Cat hairball treatments

  • Adding fiber to the diet
  • Giving a lubricant to slide the hair over to the right end of the cat for disposal.
  • Homeopathy

Cat Parasites (Fleas, Ticks, Worms, Heartworms, Ear Mites and more)

As cat owners, you have to regularly check your feline comrades to make sure that their fur and their skin is free from parasites, organisms that live on the surface of the host. There are various kinds of parasites. These include:

  • Fleas

Whenever your cats have fleas, they may obsessively scratch; especially around the neck, behind the ears, spine and base of the tail. These parasites move very rapidly through the cats’ fur and consequently, are hard to catch. There are many ways to get rid of fleas on cats. You may purchase anti-parasitic products like powders, shampoos and sprays from pet stores.

  • Ticks

Ticks are classified as blood suckers and permanently live on the cat. Its bite can cause bacterial disease called Lyme disease. Pertinently, cat flea and tick medicine can be of great help in preventing this kind of ailment.

  • Heartworms

Cat heartworm disease is generally caused by heartworms, a small thread-like worm by which its larvae are injected into the cat by a mosquito bite. This enables the cats to have chronic cough. Preventative drugs are often not advised due to detrimental basis. Moreover, heartworms normally die of its own accord after two years.

  • Ear Mites

Ear mites are defined as tiny spider like parasitic mite which infects your cat’s ears. These are the common cause of cats’ ear infections which likely live in ear canals and are terribly uncomfortable for your cats. You can purchase ear mite treatments from your pet supply store when getting rid of ear mites in cats.

Cats Urinary Tract Disease

Feline bladder infection, or commonly known as “urinary tract infection”, is one of the most common ailments in cats. This condition is frequently seen in both neutered and unneutered male cats but can also occur in female cats. There are several factors that can cause this ailment’s development. These include:

  • Improper diet
  • Unclean environment
  • Exposure to stressful changes
  • Age
  • Urolithiasis

Cat UTI’s Symptoms:

  • Bloody urine
  • Extreme thirst
  • Strong urine smell
  • Bladder area irritation
  • Straining to urinate
  • Extreme licking of the genital area
  • Excessive urination often limited to just a few drops

Treating feline bladder infection

Just like other diseases, cat UTI’s can be treated depending on the ailment’s stage. Some veterinarians prescribe antibiotics in addition to treatments if necessary.

Cat General Health

One of the usual habits of a cat is licking. Subsequently, they are vulnerable in acquiring viral and fungal infections. That is why you should set feline vaccination as a priority. You have to consult your vet and must give your cats a proper vaccination such as feline leukemia vaccination, rabies vaccine for cats and other immunization. Remember, prevention is better than cure. Thus, you must understand cat health issues for you to become a successful cat breeder.

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